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Scabies

shw sti fig1Features/Symptoms

  • Caused by a parasitic mite that burrow under the skin;
  • Also known as the "Itch";
  • Severe itching at night;
  • Red lines on the skin as the scabies burrow, pencil-like tracks most often in the folds and creases of the skin;
  • Commonly in the following areas:
  • Breast area
  • Genital area
  • Inner elbow area
  • Shoulder blades
  • Armpits
  • Waste area
  • Between fingers
  • Butt area
  • Behind the knees
  • Soles of the feet
  • Ulcers develop after scratching, secondary infection develops on the skin due to scratching with dirty nails.

Progression

A mature female mite burrows into the skin and lay eggs. The eggs hatches within 3-4 days, becomes larva within 3-4 days after hatching and becomes an adult mite within 10 days. The mite feed on the blood of the host. This can cause secondary infection on the skin due to scratching with dirty nails.

Causes

Scabies is caused by a microscopic (< 1mm) mite called Sarcoptes Scabiei var. hominis.

Treatment/Management

This can be treated with special shampoo and soap. Clothes, linen and towels should be washed in hot water and left to sun dry. Clothes, linen and towels should then be ironed with a hot iron. Your mattress should be put out into the sun.